what is mate
Mate is a drink similar to tea, and is consumed mainly in Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, and southern Brazil. The name "mate" is derived from the Quechua word "mati" which means glass or container for a drink.
Where does mate come from
Mate comes from a plant that is typical of the regions of the Alto Parana, Alto Uruguay, and northeastern Argentina. It is a tropical or subtropical plant that needs high temperatures, high humidity, and up to 1500 millimeters of rain annually. On average a mate plant produces 300,000 tons of mate each year. In its wild state, the plant needs about 25 years to develop, reaching a height of up to 15 meters.
Mate has a characteristic mature flavor that is somewhat sweet and acid, like from a dry leaf, and which may be likened to that of a cigar, similar to that obtained from tea. Of the 196 volatile chemical compounds found in yerba mate, 144 are also found in tea. Mate is used in folk medicines, and also in commercial preparations of herbs as a central nervous system stimulant, diuretic, and antirheumatic.
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